Mohit Bansal Chandigarh

For many landscape photography enthusiasts, photographing a waterfall is a primary objective. For obvious reasons, waterfalls are among the most stunning natural features on the planet, and they’re ideal subjects for photography. Despite this, waterfalls are challenging to photograph because of their movement and color. If you’ve ever wondered why waterfall photographs are so popular among landscape photographers, Mohit Bansal Chandigarh got some answers for you below.

What Gear Is Needed For Waterfall Photography?

  • Tripod

A sturdy tripod is required for taking photographs to prevent camera shake. My tripod is frequently placed in the middle of the raging torrent. It is critical to have a strong anchor for the camera. It is better to have mud spikes on the tripod legs. A tripod also allows for long exposure photography.

  • Lens

There is no optimal lens for photographing waterfalls. Lens selection, like every other component of photography, is critical to achieving the ideal composition. A wide-angle lens allows you to include more elements in your shot. For example, if you want to frame your object with a tree or integrate a rock structure. Using a telephoto lens, particularly one with a focal length larger than 50mm, may give a unique perspective.

  • Neutral Density Filters

“What ND filter do I use for waterfall photography?” you may wonder. Although they may be useful, ND filters are not required for long-exposure photography. You’re probably photographing waterfalls in a small canyon with inadequate lighting. The use of ND filters allows for slower shutter speeds. It might last 20 to 30 seconds. Your shutter speed may be decreased if you use a very thick filter, such as a 10-stop ND filter. However, if you wish to use a Neutral Density filter, you must proceed with caution. Everything else in the image will be blurred, save for the silky smooth water flow. Furthermore, you will lose features in the waterfall.

  • Graduated Neutral Density Filters

In some cases, Mohit Bansal Chandigarh uses a Graduated Neutral Density (GND) filter to control the amount of light hitting the camera sensor. I use them when my situation is not completely in the shade and I need to manage the sunshine. As a result, I may pick which elements to emphasize and which to hide.

  • Polarising Filter

A circular polarising filter, or CPL, is required for landscape photography, especially water photography. Due to the loss of roughly one stop of light with a CPL, you may obtain intriguing exposure times. These exposure intervals are what allow for long periods of exposure. The CPL reduces reflections from nonmetallic surfaces. This suggests that it will eliminate reflections from leaves and water pools. The bottom of the watercourse and the multicolored stones beneath the water will be visible.

  • Remote Shutter
Mohit Bansal Chandigarh

A quick shutter release is also required. This will prevent image blur. You don’t have to be in constant vicinity to your camera when using a remote camera shutter. Although I can always use a 2-second delayed shot, I prefer a vintage cable-connected remote control. It was a fraction of the cost of devices that use radio waves, Bluetooth, infrared, or WiFi, and it didn’t require batteries. If you wrap it in a little plastic bag and secure it with duct tape, you won’t have to worry if it drops into the water

A Few Tips To Keep In Mind For Waterfall Photography 

Mohit Bansal Chandigarh
  • Exposure

Getting the right exposure when photographing waterfalls may be tricky. One of the most serious difficulties is how easy it is to cut the highlights in the water. As a result, the water loses detail and becomes a wide expanse of pure white. When this happens, the water does not look to be very real. To resolve this issue, take a test shot of the waterfall and evaluate the histogram on the display of your digital camera. The highlights have been trimmed if the histogram is cut off on the right side. If this is the case, the risk must be reduced.

  • ISO
Mohit Bansal Chandigarh

Set the ISO to the lowest setting feasible (typically around ISO 100 or so). This lowers your camera’s sensitivity, allowing you to use longer shutter speeds without overexposing the image. It also helps in the reduction of digital noise in your photos.

  • Aperture
Mohit Bansal Chandigarh

Using the lowest aperture on the lens will allow you to use a longer exposure period once more. It will also have the greatest depth of field, allowing you to focus on as much of the image as possible.

  • Shutter Speed
Mohit Bansal Chandigarh

Every waterfall is different, and there is no “correct” shutter speed to use; nevertheless, if you want to capture movement in the water, you’ll need to use a slow shutter speed – frequently between 0.3 to several seconds. As a general rule, begin at a speed of 1 second and take a test shot. Examine it on your camera’s LCD screen and make changes until you reach the correct level of blurring. Don’t worry if the scene is overexposed; we’ll tweak other settings to compensate.

  • Shoot in Landscape

Because waterfalls are frequently tall and thin, most people hold their cameras in portrait mode. Again, this typically results in a shot that looks just like the others. Holding your DSLR in landscape mode may seem awkward at first, but it will push you to take in more of your surroundings and become more creative with how you frame your subject.

  • Include People And Other Views Of The Nature
Mohit Bansal Chandigarh

Despite their beauty, many waterfalls are quite similar to one another, and you sometimes get the impression that if you’ve ever seen them, you’ve seen them all. A great way to mitigate this is to incorporate other elements that provide interest to the setting. Foreground rocks, bridges, and exotic foliage all help to contextualize your photo. This gives the viewer a better sense of the region you were in and allows them to visually “explore” the scene, resulting in a more intriguing shot. People are one of the most consistent ways to spice up a shot. A well-placed person will give a focal point that would otherwise be lacking near a waterfall. People are also a great way to give your photo a sense of scale.


Waterfalls may be photographed in any weather condition. I try to avoid heavy rain since I have to deal with the spray from the waterfall. The rains have the potential to turn everything into a terrifying nightmare. Constant patience is essential. When I set the camera, the front lens or ND filter will be completely soaked. As a result, I endeavor to dry and protect it. The rain returns just as I’m about to snap a photo, destroying everything. In summary, if you’re shooting in the rain, cover your lens but be prepared to clean it frequently. These are my waterfall photography tips. When heading into the outdoors, your first focus should be safety. Be cautious while admiring nature’s amazing beauty alone, with friends, or with other photographers. Have a pleasant time and enjoy your photographs!!

By Mohit Bansal

Mohit Bansal Chandigarh is a keen photographer and traveller. It's hard to say whether he travels to click photos or he click photos so he can travel.

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