When we consider about landscape photography we normally think about the epic shots that we see from a lens that is ultra wide angle.
However, there are specific elements that a beautiful wide-angle image depends on; a solid foreground, pointing lines and a sky that enchants spell, and when these components are missing, a wide angle lens can in real reduce the impact of the photo. These are the times when we want to look at the scene from a unique perspective.
1. They Squeeze Perspective
Wide angle lens extends the distance in the foreground, which seems very close, and the background, which appears really far away. A telephoto lens, on the other hand, does the reverse, it narrows the perspective, compressing all the factors in the frame, flattening the image/scene removing the presence of a foreground or background.
This works surprisingly well for the landscapes with scenes like mountain ranges, valleys or sand dunes in the desert that stretches to the horizon, and you must look out for how the different elements interact with one other as they are smashed together literally by a telephoto.
Squeezing perspective can also make far away located mountains appear as though they are standing above the buildings nearby, or the villages, creating a dramatic visual sense of scale and size.
2. Perfect to Capture Mist in Background
Scenic compression works also better when weather conditions like fog, mist, or haze divide the different parts of the landscape strengthening the perspective of layers.
From a vantage point, a valley or mountainous view can look supernatural as the mist jets along valleys or around the outlines of the surface creating islets of land divided by an ocean of mist. The same cannot be made possible with a wide-angle lens as it totally lessens this type of sensation created by the scene in the front, but by squeezing all elements together using a telephoto lens truly draws the best of it.
If you can get sunlight as your backlight the mist effect intensifies ten folds. This lightens the mist, causing it to glow in the golden light, even the forests surrounding the area becomes luminous giving the scene an otherworldly feel.
3. Find a Single Interest Point in a Repeated Pattern
The mountain curves, peaks or desert sand dunes make for interesting repeated designs when squeezed together using a telephoto lens. Search for how the elements and patterns of the landscape communicate with other factors and try stuffing the frame with the recurring shapes from up to down, infusing the everything into an astonishing composition that appears almost similar to the 2D pattern.
The catch here is to find a symphonic balance and a single line of interest that disrupts the rhythmic pattern, like a train of camels among the sand dunes, or a tree lurking on the brow of a hill as fog whirls around it and hills to the neighbor.
4. Remove Boring Stuff and Highlight The Best Part of The Scenery
In a wide angle lens, you actually need an exciting element to hold in the foreground but so many time there isn’t anything that will really work. In fact, the foreground sometimes can be off-putting or absolutely ugly and when the subject is quite distant from the point of shooting, a telephoto lens can ‘help avoid’ the uninspiring foreground by zooming in and exclude it from the picture.
A telephoto lens is excellent as it eliminates the need for proximity and makes far away objects appear a lot closer to the frame.
5. Search For Something Subtle
Less is, sometimes, more. Clicking pictures in photography goes along the tracks to removing anything that distracts and distorts and also remove unnecessary objects from the frame until only the necessary remains. This is especially true with a telephoto lens as they allow you to get away from capturing everything in a single click, a photography style which mostly results in the pictures coming out messy and waste.
We respond shockingly to something that is awe inspiring and hence while clicking pictures, ordinary is never something to target as it misses out on the essence; one needs to question why exactly you want to photograph it. When you try to figure how can we improve that essence, concentrate on it and clear out everything from the image that you don’t want. This can be possible if you use the telephoto lens correctly.
As a telephoto lens bounds how much part of a scene you can put in a frame. it really encourages an approach of reducing a shot to its most basic elements. A smart way to do it is by focusing on the form factor of the view as mentioned above. Sometimes it is about how the light reflects on a particular subject in the scene, like soft sunrays breaking out of the clouds and hitting the mountains or the blue ocean and shade in the landscape. And then click the perfect masterpiece using your telephoto.
6. Click Surprisingly Beautiful Pictures
A telephoto lens gives you the power to capture heavenly sights through the lens. Although prime may a wider angle and far better depth of field but sometimes you cannot reach a certain point on your foot. These times require you to close in optically that only is possible using a telephoto. From milky water fountains to blue cumulonimbus filled cloud, anything that strikes beauty can be captured from the telephoto without closing in.
Telephoto gives lot of maneuverability that is definitely not possible with a wide angle prime lens. Not having a fixed focal length can pay a photographer in many ways that is hardly possible with any other ones.